Nov 012015

DRAWING METHODS OF ERNEST HASKELL     “Liquid Graphite” Medium   This recipe describes the procedure for making the solution used during the workshop. The resulting mixture is oil-based and relies on solvent action, but does not generate harmful fumes and can be used in any working environment (ie. it can be safely used in […]

 November 1, 2015  materials
Dec 212014
RE: Iron gall ink

How to make ink – Ingredients Cyntia Karnes (1998)   Iron gall ink is essentially created by the chemical reaction between tannic acid and iron(II) sulfate in an aqueous solution. The primary active components in tannin are gallotannic and gallic acid. With iron(II) sulfate, these tannic acids produce a black pigment, called ferrogallotannate or ferrotannate, […]

 December 21, 2014  materials
Nov 092014

Many fan collectors have asked me how artists dyed mother-of-pearl fans. A collaborative article published on the FANA Forum in June, 2007, whose authors included Pierre-Henri Biger, Céline Louvet of the Mother-of-Pearl Museum near Paris, and Chuck Erikson, explained most of the techniques, which I summarize today. Other sources are cited below. Mother-of-pearl coloring techniques […]

 November 9, 2014  materials
Oct 262014

Early American Weaving and Dyeing The Domestic Manufacturer’s Assistant and Family Directory in the Arts of Weaving and Dyeing. BY J. and R. Bronson Remarks and Directions on Preparing and Dying Cotton Yarn. In the first place we will notice that cotton yarn must be well cleansed, by making it free from its natural oil, […]

 October 26, 2014  materials
Oct 252014
Re: natural dyes

Naturally dyed threads hanging in “Threads of Life” shop in Ubud, Bali Natural dyes were once widespread in Indonesia and Malaysian Sarawak to color intricately beautiful ikat textiles. These natural dyes had rich semantic connections to local worldviews in many of Indonesia’s 300 societies and in Sarawak’s various Iban communities. The art of natural dyeing […]

 October 25, 2014  materials
Oct 122014

Product to Be Thinned Solvents to Use Adhesives Acetone MEK Epoxies Xylene MEK Fiberglass resins Acetone MEK Lacquer Lacquer thinner (comprised of acetone, toluene and methanol) Oil-based paint Mineral spirits Turpentine Shellac Denatured alcohol Varnish Mineral spirits Turpentine

 October 12, 2014  materials
Oct 122014
RE: A Simple Approach to Galvanic Etching

In line etching a thin coating is applied to a metal plate. Once dry, the image is drawn into this corrosion resistant surface with a variety of tools, revealing the bare metal beneath. The Etching Process cuts into the plate through chemical action (increasingly electro-chemically, rather than through acid corrosion), so that the incised intaglio […]

 October 12, 2014  materials
Oct 122014

& How to Make Your Own One-way Mirror Solution No. 1:Nitrate of  Silver (pure) . . . . . . . . 40 grains Nitrate of  Silver (pure) . . . . . . . . 32 grains Distilled Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . […]

 October 12, 2014  materials
Sep 202014

I purchased enough materials to make 2 batches (approx. 5-6 gallons per batch), and the total cost is about $300, or $30 per gallon. Zakheim recommends applying the varnish very thin. It is strong and it doesn’t take much to protect, he says. Following is a recipe for making your own Soluvar-type varnish to use […]

 September 20, 2014  materials
Jul 282014

About Ahar Preparing Paper for Calligraphy Arabic is a versatile, flexible script that is used to write many languages. Traditionally, there were two approaches to writing the Arabic script: scribal writing, for books and documents (now largely supplanted by computer type), and calligraphy, for exploring the graphic and artistic aspects of the written word. Both scribal […]

 July 28, 2014  materials
Jul 192014
Re: Shibori

There are three main types of shibori:  arashi shibori (pole-wrapped), nui shibori (sewn) and itajime (folded and clamped).   the soda ash, I finally just started pre-soda soaking before folding… I make sure I thoroughly rinse and wash my hands afterward to keep them from getting irritated. The results are worth it, no matter how […]

 July 19, 2014  materials
Jul 152014
Re: Max Lamb, 029. Copper Stool

Copper Stool Dimensions: 450w x 350d x 400h Material: Nanocrystalline copper Process: Metal can be grown onto almostany substrate using a sophisticated electro-deposition process similar to electro-plating. This deposits nanocrystals of metal in an even honeycomb pattern thus ensuring there is no stress built into the metal and allowing the manufacture of organic metal shapes […]

 July 15, 2014  artist, materials
Jul 082014

  Here is a list of the materials you’ll need to do the process yourself: 1. Heavy Duty aluminum foil (Use dull side to work on) 2. Gloves 3. Litho crayon 4. Piece of plexi-glass 5. Vegetable oil 6. Paper towels 7. Plastic tub 8. White vinegar 9. Water 10. Etching or relief ink 11. […]

 July 8, 2014  materials
Jul 082014

If you are considering concrete for your countertops you’ve probably done a fair bit of research and reading. You’ve probably heard about all the pros and cons. It seems there are very few people with concrete countertops who will actually tell you the truth about what its like living with them. Maybe it’s pride. Nobody […]

 July 8, 2014  materials
Jul 082014

Instructions 1 Lay down some newspaper on the floor to avoid getting dry plaster everywhere. Fill a bucket with lukewarm water and place it on the newspaper. 2 Dip a roll of gauze in the water bucket. Wring the gauze dry by squeezing the water out. It only needs to be damp enough to hold […]

 July 8, 2014  materials
Jun 162014
RE: keep and control rust

Wax presents a beautiful dull finish that looks a part of the metal itself and keeps moisture out. Since the wax is only a coating and doesn’t actually bind with the steel, it must be periodically reapplied. But unless the piece is in a particularly brutal environment—like outside—the wax will typically last at least a […]

 June 16, 2014  materials
Jun 112014

Distemper paints Definition Distemper paints contain glue. Distemper paints are those made with glue derived from plant, animal or modern sources. Here we offer three recipes, both traditional and modern, for working with this type of paint. Distemper has its source in very traditional architecture. The finishes are quite unique as are the advantages. Glue paints […]

 June 11, 2014  materials
Jun 112014
RE: Alum in Historical Papermaking

The Role of Alum in Historical Papermaking by Irene Brückle Visiting Lecturer in Paper Conservation, Art Conservation Department, State University College at Buffalo (This article is based on a talk presented at the IPC Conference 1992 in Manchester, England. A paper published in the conference proceedings contains additional information not included here.) As a sizing […]

 June 11, 2014  materials
Jun 112014

Learn the Basic Steps for Making Your Own Egg Tempera Making egg tempera consists of two steps, preparing the pigment and mixing it with an egg yolk emulsion. Choosing Pigments Most pigments can be used to make egg tempera paints. Pigments containing lead react with the egg yolk and should not be used. Modem synthetic […]

 June 11, 2014  materials
Jun 102014
RE: varnish, shellac, laquer, and polyurethane

Shellac This finish is actually a natural product (it’s made from combining a secretion from the female lac bug with a solvent such as alcohol) that is very safe once dried and hardened. In addition to adding a protective coat, it also can add a warm amber color to wood. It can be affected by […]

 June 10, 2014  materials
Jun 082014

PVAc Polyvinyl acetate is a thermoplastic polymer commonly used in glues, paint, and a number of industrial adhesives. Polymers are essentially large molecules linked together in such a way that they are very strong and durable. Most plastics and synthetic materials contain them. Polyvinyl acetate, which is also commonly referred to as “PVA” or “PVAc,” tends to be quite […]

 June 8, 2014  materials
Jun 082014 Pigment or Dye? There is a widespread confusion about the difference between pigments and dyes. Pigments are insoluble in solvents and water. Like fine, colored sand they can be finely dispersed in a binder, but the dispersion will appear cloudy. Dyes dissolve completely in binders or solvents (like sugar in coffee) and form a […]

 June 8, 2014  materials
Apr 232014

Adhesives, Pastes & Consolidants Corn Starch Powder Chemically neutral corn starch powder, offering high viscosity and brightness. Ready-prepared corn starch paste is available but subject to a minimum order of 300kg. Wheat Starch Powder European wheat starch powder producing a traditional-style paste generally used for Japanese restoration methods. When dry this adhesive is transparent and […]

 April 23, 2014  materials
Apr 082014

Mix 20g rice flour with 100ml of cold water Stir until smooth and milky Bring 150ml water almost to the boil in a pan Add the paste mix in a smooth ribbon and stir Bring to the boil and keep stirring constantly until the mix goes translucent (about five mins) Cool, stirring from time to […]

 April 8, 2014  materials
Mar 232014
RE: Electroplating basics Introduction Electroplating is a method to put a metal coating onto an object, in our case a piece of jewellery, by placing it in a solution containing the metal to be plated and passing an electrical current through the piece and the solution. It is possible to electroplate coatings of most pure metals and […]

 March 23, 2014  materials
Mar 232014 For all metal coloring and electroplating a clean metal surface is essential. The cleaning process must remove mineral oils, organic oils and greases as well as traces of chemicals on the surface. It must remove oxidation which might interfere with the metal coloration or plating adhesion and it should possible activate or roughen the […]

 March 23, 2014  materials
Mar 232014
RE: Electroforming Electroforming is the process of controlling the metal deposit from an anode metal, through electrolyte solution, onto an electroconductive surface. Basically, a skin of metal is built up into a rigid structure. The materials you will need to get started are as follows: 10 Amp Rectifier Clamp and lead set 8 gauge wire for […]

 March 23, 2014  materials
Mar 082014

Street Chalk Recipe Traditional Street Painter’s Pastels Recipe The following recipe has a very high beeswax content and low alkali content: 1⁄4 cup boiled linseed oil 3⁄4 cup (liquid measure) beeswax 5 oz. (1/2 cup) ivory bar soap wall paper paste solution (follow directions on package) wheat paste electric skillet and microwave oven, 2 1⁄2 […]

 March 8, 2014  materials
Mar 082014

Casein & Milk Paint Recipe Casein is the protein extracted from milk and the binder in the paint commonly known as “Milk Paint”. Casein is one of the first binders ever used by mankind. Casein can be painted on a variety of surfaces, including wood and plaster. Which ever surface used, it must be a […]

 March 8, 2014  materials
Mar 082014

Traditional Gesso Chalk Ground Traditional Gesso Recipes Chalk Grounds made with Natural Glues Making Chalk Grounds is probably one of the most difficult processes to learn, because so many things can affect the outcome of a chalk ground (temperature, humidity, type of chalk, type of glue, etc.) While there are many approaches to making a […]

 March 8, 2014  materials
Jan 282014

Re: hand-milled soaps… yay or nay? « Reply #3 on: June 27, 2007 10:38:08 AM » I found my old post, but it wasn’t complete instructions, so here is what I do when I rebatch: First prepare your mold. When rebatching I use a plastic tupperware/gladware type container that is something like 4x4x8 in. I […]

 January 28, 2014  materials
Jan 272014
RE: electroforming copper

Electroforming is the process of controlling the metal deposit from an anode metal, through electrolyte solution, onto an electroconductive surface. Basically, a skin of metal is built up into a rigid structure. The materials you will need to get started are as follows: 10 Amp Rectifier Clamp and lead set 8 gauge wire for bus […]

 January 27, 2014  materials
Jan 202014
Re: alternative to forton casting.

A stricking sculpture… robust and durable… Are you casting in gypsum based cement either professionally or as a hobbyist? You have most likely been been using plain plaster of Paris or more solid products such Hydrostone, Hydrocal or even the very strong Forton MG. All these products have their advantages and particular utilisation. You are […]

 January 20, 2014  materials
Jan 082014
Re: Cheap book making

This book is based on the form called dos à dos meaning back to back in French. I used copy paper with writing on one side and had the writing on the inside when I made the first hot dog fold. Two hot dog booklets are glued into a cover that has been folded like […]

 January 8, 2014  materials
Jan 032014

COLOR MAGIC WITH POLARIZED LIGHT By E. W. MURTFELDT BLAZING with brilliant, ever-changing colors that rival the hues of the rainbow, the illuminated face of a giant electric clock is attracting crowds to an exhibit of timepieces at the San Francisco World’s Fair. Visitors, curious to know how this spectacular effect is obtained, are amazed […]

 January 3, 2014  materials
Dec 282013
Re: A Brief History of Pigments   compiled by Pedro de la Montaña Stone Age ‘The first period of cave painting knows only black and red outlines. ‘The third period uses solid black, red and brown for the surface and employs a pigment to get an effect of relief. Outlines black, body of animals modelled by smearing on it various […]

 December 28, 2013  all, materials
Dec 122013
Patina Finishes for Copper and Brass   Easy Patina Finishes for Copper and Brass – a Tutorial by Rena Klingenberg. Brass cuff bracelet with rustic patina finish by Rena Klingenberg Now we’re going to put easy patina finishes on the Rustic Cuff Bracelets we made in Part 1 of this tutorial. Rustic copper patina finish by Rena Klingenberg One of the fun […]

 December 12, 2013  all, materials
Dec 122013
Vinegar and Salt Patina Vinegar and Salt Patina by Rena Klingenberg. Vinegar and salt patina, in progress on Rustic Copper Foldover Pendant by Rena Klingenberg Now we’re going to use vinegar and salt to put an easy verdigris patina on the copper Rustic Foldover Pendant we made in Part 1 of this tutorial. Because homemade patina recipes can have unpredictable […]

 December 12, 2013  all, materials
Dec 122013

THE TRADITIONAL WAY   SELECTED SHOP FORMULAE by John T. Kramer Traditional Wood Conservator P.O. BOX 8715 Sugar Creek, Missouri 64054 copyright 1988     FILLERS   Fillers are similar to putty except made much thinner. They can be painted on but, best results will be obtained by rubbing into the surface with a circular […]

 December 12, 2013  materials
Oct 052013

More About Pueblo Pottery Pueblo Pottery is hand made with clay that is taken from the foothills near their pueblo. After the clay is gathered it is weathered outside for one month before being used. It is then cleaned and refined by hand, soaked and strained through a fine screen to remove any roots, sand […]

 October 5, 2013  information, materials
Jul 132013

All in all, the best all-round, multi-purpose plaster I have ever found is USG’s Puritan (Number 1) Pottery Plaster. If you will be running a one plaster bin shop, fill your bin with Puritan.   Plaster is made from the mineral gypsum, which is called Calcium Sulphate by chemists (Gypsum in the ground is calcium […]

 July 13, 2013  materials
Jul 132013

1. Heat some skimmed milk (do not let it boil) 2. Add about 3 teaspoons of vinegar (an acid) to the milk and stir slowly until the milk separates into curds (solid sticky bits) and whey (clear liquid) 3. Pour the curds and whey through a tea strainer or sieve to collect the curds 4. […]

 July 13, 2013  materials
Jul 132013
Ox gall ink

A recipe for preparing the ink is as follows: Take one lb. of bruised galls, one gallon of boiling water, 5½ oz of ferrous sulfate in solution, 3 oz of gum arabic previously dissolved, and a few drops of an anti-septic, such as carbolic acid. Macerate the galls for 24 hours, strain the infusion and […]

 July 13, 2013  materials
Jul 112013

Rubbing the shells with baby oil can give them a deep luster. Shells can, after letting them dry for several days, be sprayed with things life clear gloss or satin finish polyurethane. I recommend the satin finish as it gives the shell a more natural finish. This will keep the shell cleaner and it will […]

 July 11, 2013  materials
Jun 102013
Gum Arabic

Gum Arabic dissolves readily in hot or cold water. A 40% solution produces an excellent mucilage for adhesiveness. Aqueous solutions of over 50% concentrations may be prepared. Gum Arabic is insoluble in alcohol and most organic solvents. Solubility of gum Arabic decreases as the proportion of alcohol to water increases, becoming practically zero in 60% […]

 June 10, 2013  materials, Uncategorized
May 152013
hydrocal info

CUTTING HYDROCAL Like I said above, the trick is simple, you can soften the Hydrocal with a few drops of tap water, applied locally. Then use repeated strokes with your hobby knife (No.11 blade) to cut out an opening or a new edge. To keep your cut straight cut along a metal straight-edge such as […]

 May 15, 2013  all, materials
May 102013

Spray the printed image with a clear sealer or the water in the matt medium will make the image run. Crystal Clear or other gloss acrylic sealer are good bets. Too many layers of matt leaves the image looking cloudy as the matting agent accumulates. It is ideal to use it on only the final […]

 May 10, 2013  all, materials
May 072013

First it is useful to understand mold release. The purpose of mold release is to form a barrier between objects so you can separate them later. There are commercial mold release agents available, but people often use Vaseline, liquid hand soap, Pam Cooking Spray, Crisco, Vegetable Oil, liquid soap, or Murphy’s Oil Soap. Vaseline is […]

 May 7, 2013  all, materials
May 042013

. To counteract the acid still saturating the wood, dilute ammonia with water 1:1 and use a clean sponge to wipe the entire surface. Immediately rinse again with clean water using a sponge and let the furniture dry for two d Do not bleach only the areas that are discolored. You have to bleach the […]

 May 4, 2013  all, materials
May 042013

20 grams 300 bloom gelatin powder 45 grams glycerine liquid 45 grams sorbital liquid 2 grams zinc oxide powder. mix and heat the 2 liquids and mix in the gelatine and zinc powder. gelatine melts at 70 degrees. keep on heat and mix untill the powder is completly absorbed but do not let the mixture […]

 May 4, 2013  all, materials
Apr 092013
Stains, Dyes, and other wood colorants.

Homemade and Alternative Stains and Colorant by Jim McNamara Woodworkers and finishers, like you and me, are often interested in making colorants and finishes at home, sometimes from common household products or from simple chemical mixtures. This is a discussion of a few selected recipes along with some of the science behind them. Note Most […]

 April 9, 2013  all, materials
Apr 072013

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION GACs can be blended with GOLDEN Acrylic Paints to extend the paint, regulate transparency, create glazes, increase gloss, reduce viscosity or improve adhesion and film integrity. The GAC polymers can also be used for binding pigment solids for various effects and surfaces. Unlike the other GOLDEN Mediums and Gels, GAC Acrylic Polymers have […]

 April 7, 2013  all, materials
Apr 052013
Claybord recipe

Reposted from Jim Yarbrough the recipe one cup boiling water 1tsp – 1 tbs rabbit skin glue one cup kaolin clay 1tsp – 1tbs dry pigment (titanium white, or for a warm gray, 1 part raw umber to 3 parts titanium white) you’ll need double boiler, or saucepan and bigger saucepan to fit it into, stove to boil water […]

 April 5, 2013  all, materials
Apr 012013
Ebonizing Wood by James Thompson

  Ebonizing Wood by James Thompson       I read this method of ebonizing wood in a book by Tage Frid a long time ago. It works well on any wood that water will penetrate into. Some woods, like rosewood and lignum vitae do not respond well to this treatment because they don’t absorb water very well. […]

 April 1, 2013  all, materials
Mar 252013

    Mordants A mordant is a chemical that fixes the dye to the fabric or yarn to make the color permanent.  There are many different types of mordants used, but alum (aluminum ammonium sulfate) and vinegar (acetic acid) are the easiest to purchase and seem to be the safest because they are also used for […]

 March 25, 2013  materials
Mar 182013
Golden MSA Varnish

GOLDEN Mineral Spirit Acrylic Varnishes with UVLS (Ultra Violet Light Stabilizers) dry to a tough, yet flexible protective finish. The UVLS system provides increased resistance to the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation, making the product suitable for exterior as well as interior application. For restoration purposes, the varnish may be removed with full strength commercial […]

 March 18, 2013  all, materials
Feb 112013
Lascoux goauche

A possibly more affordable option for gouaches. 12.45 a bottle at Artists and Craftsman in Brooklyn (list price is 21 however)

 February 11, 2013  all, materials
Feb 022013

Trademark Misuse: This happens often. People ask for a Tek® when they really want a self-drilling screw. Or they ask for a Tapcon® when they want a Masonry Concrete Screw. This happens with many brand names (Tampin®, Red Head®, etc) but it can be dangerous. Sometimes these brands have significant differences. It may be hard […]

 February 2, 2013  all, materials
Dec 282012
Protective corners for paintings

Foam core 1/4″ one single piece with tape seem and staples where it had been attached to the back of the painting thanks to Lauren Gidwitz

 December 28, 2012  all, materials
Dec 282012

Corrugated plastic is also referred to as Twinwall plastic. Chemically, the sheet is inert, with a neutral pH factor. At regular temperatures most oils, solvents and water have no effect, allowing it to perform under adverse weather conditions or as a product component exposed to harsh chemicals. Standard sheets can be modified with additives, which […]

 December 28, 2012  all, materials
Dec 272012

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 December 27, 2012  all, materials
Dec 102012
Plywood II

Modern plywood was invented by Immanuel Nobel, father of Alfred Nobel. Nobel realized that several thinner layers of wood bonded together would be stronger than one single thick layer of wood. Most plywood is made from an odd number of layers, called plies (typically 3, 5 or 7), with an equal number of plies on […]

 December 10, 2012  all, materials
Dec 082012

8.5″ paper gives a box (half) 3″ wide and 1.5″ tall Folding to an inch away from the center gives a box (half) 4″ wide and 1″ high

 December 8, 2012  all, materials
Dec 062012
Glass cleaner

Rock-Miracle brand denatured alcohol leaves a terrible film on glass. DO NOT USE   Other Notes from the internet: -Unfortunately, glass often requires a rigorous first cleaning.  That’s because manufacturers of glass commonly put a thin coating of Teflon and oil on the surface to protect it in transit.  The initial cleaning requires cutting through […]

 December 6, 2012  all, materials
Dec 032012

Homemade and Alternative Stains and Colorant by Jim McNamara Woodworkers and finishers, like you and me, are often interested in making colorants and finishes at home, sometimes from common household products or from simple chemical mixtures. This is a discussion of a few selected recipes along with some of the science behind them. Note Most […]

 December 3, 2012  all, materials
Nov 182012

Lens info: 60mm Macro Nikkor or The 105 Macro would work too but it depends on how far you can get back from the artwork.60mm micro, apparently the G is better at distance, wide: AF-S DX Micro-NIKKOR 40mm f/2.8G $279.95*SRPSRP AF-S DX NIKKOR 35mm f/1.8G $199.95 suggested: AF-S Micro Nikkor 60mm f/2.8G ED $599.95*SRPSRP Nikon 50mm f/1.8 D [non macro] […]

 November 18, 2012  all, materials
Oct 232012
Small table saw, large piece of wood

The maximum width my table saw can rip with the fence is about 2.5 feet. I needed to cut a board that was 45.25″x 37.75″. First I measured the distance from the edge of the slots on the table to the blade, which was 5.5″ in my case. I then made marks on my board […]

 October 23, 2012  all, materials
Oct 042012
Powder actuated nails

Two test shots with a level 4 Ramset 22 shells. I have no idea where the first nail went. The second one bent and remained in the chamber. Loud as shit even with ear plugs. Found the other nail a good ten feet away

 October 4, 2012  all, materials
Sep 252012
Concrete anchors

In cinderblock, concrete nails bent and made a messy hole. Tap-cons tended to strip out the hole–consensus was that the provided bit was making too large a hole for such weak material. The Hammer-set nails worked wonderfully. First you pre-drill a hole with a 1/4 bit, insert the nail, then drive the head in with […]

 September 25, 2012  all, materials
Sep 202012   Nomenclature of Color, JP 16 Bibliography for Article Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 06.02, 2003, ASTM International, pp.475-484 Boker, S. “The Representation of Color Metrics and Mappings in Perceptual Color Space”, Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Dec. 2006, CIE, International Commission On Illumination, Dec. 2006, Apple, Color Management Overview, Developer Connection, 2005, Dec. […]

 September 20, 2012  all, information, materials
Sep 042012
Cad yellow and hands yellow

Hansa Yellow light performed better against Cad Yellow Medium than I expected. The only apparent differences in this abbreviated color chart are in the mixed tertiaries.

 September 4, 2012  all, materials
Sep 032012

Cold pressed Linseed oil The best grinding oil By far the best oil for grinding pigments into it has many advantages. It has a high acid number which imparts desirable qualities. Firstly it is more stable as to color. Just because an oil has a certain color when new and liquid does not mean that it […]

 September 3, 2012  all, materials
Sep 032012

Inert pigments The uses of extenders & fillers There are many inert pigments that find their way into paint tubes as both extenders and fillers and there is a fine line between the two. A filler is just what it’s name implies, a substance intended as a solid component in a paint tube in place of […]

 September 3, 2012  all, materials
Sep 032012

How dangerous are organic solvents? Solvents have various effects on human health, whether the exposure is by vapour, mist, or liquid form. They can enter the body by inhalation (breathing in), by swallowing, and through the skin. The way that solvents may enter the body depends on the volatility and fat-solubility of the solvent, and the resulting ill health effects are […]

 September 3, 2012  all, materials
Sep 032012

Size Before a oil painting ground is applied, the canvas is sealed with a size. The size seals the porous fabric and isolates it from the ground and/or oil paints. Linen and cotton will prematurely rot without a size layer. Only fabric supports need sizing. Panels only need to have a ground. Acrylic gesso does […]

 September 3, 2012  all, materials
Sep 032012

  The health hazards associated with cadmium depend, in general, upon two variables: the first is the relative solubility of the cadmium or cadmium compound. The second is how the cadmium finds its way into the human system. Let’s take that one first… Cadmium, or any other pigment for that matter, most commonly makes its […]

 September 3, 2012  all, materials
Sep 032012

Rag Content 100% rag indicates the paper is made from 100% cotton.  The reference to rag dates to the time that old rags were used in hand-made paper mills.  The cotton used in papermaking today is direct from the plant and is called cotton linters.  Woodfree paper is made from chemically processed woodpulp and produces […]

 September 3, 2012  all, materials
Aug 192012

Industrially, a pigment is any finely divided insoluble black, white or colored solid material, a major function of which is to improve the appearance of or give color to the medium in which it is to be used. Pigments are always incorporated by simple physical mixing with the medium, and it is this feature that […]

 August 19, 2012  all, materials Tagged with:
Jul 082012
Polyester plastic sheets

Good for doing color tests on top of gouaches. Tested with left over paint- watery as well as creamy consistency, as well as a fountain pen. All adhered well to the plastic and didn’t bead up.

 July 8, 2012  all, materials
Jun 152012
Methyl Cellulose aka Wheat Paste

 Info on bottle: Mix 1 Tsp. in 1 pint cold water. Stir until mixed. Let stand 1 hour to overnight before use. (I changed the ratio to 4 tsp. MC to 1 cup of water (half heated, half cold) with good results. Info emailed to me from the company: Methyl Cellulose General Instructions: In a 1-quart container, sprinkle 5 […]

 June 15, 2012  all, materials
Jun 142012

; Supplies: Utrecht 12×16 frame $21.99 Nielsen & Bainbridge Gallery Wood Collection Frame 12″x16″ w/8″x12″ Mat Opening: This traditional wood frame has a Natural Finish, a flat profile and a depth of 1-1/2″, — Backing: 30×40 4 ply museum board $15.99 Hinges: Lineco Methyl cellulose 1.5oz $7.99 (over-priced) 25×38 mulberry paper $8.29 Frame: Anvil pruners […]

 June 14, 2012  all, materials
Jun 032012
DIY gouache palette

First attempt I used white acrylic caulk, but this absorbed too much water. In the second version I used the plumbers putty (molded around small screws attached from the back side to create points of mechanical fastening). This second version had some problems with leaking, so I used clear silicon to seal the edges.

 June 3, 2012  all, materials, tool
May 302012
Gouache whites

Left to right: -Dr. Ph Martin’s Bleed Proof White (says to not mix with colors on the jar, but I’ve done so with fine results…so far) $7.35 -Daler Rowney Pro White $5.80 -Pelican Plaka all purpose paint Casein (waterproof- harder to clean off pallets, as seen in the second image.) Yellowish tinge About $6 All […]

 May 30, 2012  all, materials
May 292012

Recommended: -Daniel smith (new owners, so may change) -M. Graham -Winsor and Newton -Utrecht -Van Gogh Mid high: -Maimeri Mid: -Da Vinci -Daler Rowney -Rembrandt Mid low: -Schminke Low: -Lukas -Old Holland -Sennelier -Holbein -Blockx -Art Spectrum -Doak (recommended to not trust this manufacturer in regards to other materials)

 May 29, 2012  all, materials
May 252012

water soluble colored pencils and pastels drawn on vellum, and then transferred to a wet piece of paper.

 May 25, 2012  all, materials
May 242012
Sepia/Raw Umber ink

First image is a short sun test of two sepia inks in the sun for about a month. Tape was placed over the top half of the rectangles, showing visible changes in the Pelikan drawing ink but not the Liquitex Ink!, which was also less water-soluble and made for more consistent washes.

 May 24, 2012  all, materials Tagged with: ,
Jan 242012

2x4s are not actually 2 inches by 4 inches. When the board is first rough sawn from the log, it is a true 2×4, but the drying process and planing of the board reduce it to the finished 1.5×3.5 size. Here are the common sizes of lumber, and their actual sizes. Nominal Actual Actual – Metric […]

 January 24, 2012  all, materials, reference
Jan 062012
Oil medium and solvent information

Generally, if a more quick drying paint film is desired, one may wish to use sun-thickened linseed oil in glazes and to use quick drying pigments (containing lead, manganese, or cobalt) in underpainting. Polymerized Oil (stand oil): oil that has been heated in the absence of air so that it undergoes a molecular change which […]

 January 6, 2012  all, materials